Knowledge Sector

Melbourne is home to infrastructure and key organisations which are thought to characterise a knowledge city. We have recognised strengths in fields such as biotechnology, education, finance, advanced manufacturing, and creative industries. Melbournes knowledge sector comprises knowledge repositories such as libraries; research hardware and software including communications facilities; and capabilities and analytical tools. These support public and private organisations and networks (including events) involved in knowledge production, dissemination and application, including the business, education, government and not-for-profit sectors. In 2018, 6932 establishments (businesses and organisations) in the Knowledge Sector sector provided 306,124 jobs. The sector has total output worth $102 Billion and contributes $61 Billion in Gross Local Product to the City of Melbourne economy.

Number of Jobs ( 2002 - 2018)

The graph below shows the change in the number of jobs in the Knowledge Sector sector between 2002 and 2018.


Industry Sub-Sectors

The table below provides detail of the sub-sectors within the Knowledge Sector sector in the City of Melbourne.

Description Jobs Establishments
Computer System Design and Related Services 16,896 627
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Computer System Design and Related Services 16,896 627
Finance 35,370 218
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Non-Depository Financing 1,127 15
Credit Union Operation 126 11
Financial Asset Investing 1,952 75
Banking 30,426 100
Others 1,739 17
Transport Support Services 5,333 122
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Stevedoring Services 667 12
Airport Operations and Other Air Transport Support Services 356 4
Customs Agency Services 570 10
Other Water Transport Support Services 236 19
Port and Water Transport Terminal Operations 1,013 18
Freight Forwarding Services 702 31
Other Transport Support Services n.e.c. 1,789 28
Polymer Product and Rubber Product Manufacturing 18 5
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Others 18 5
Auxiliary Finance and Insurance Services 15,997 637
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Auxiliary Insurance Services 2,011 35
Financial Asset Brokerage Services 2,009 60
Auxiliary Finance and Investment Services 11,977 542
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (Except Computer System Design and Related Services) 67,168 2219
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Veterinary Services 517 10
Corporate Head Office Management Services 688 10
Surveying and Mapping Services 368 17
Scientific Testing and Analysis Services 975 20
Professional Photographic Services 81 26
Market Research and Statistical Services 1,373 19
Other Professional, Scientific and Technical Services n.e.c. 1,117 15
Scientific Research Services 4,925 53
Other Specialised Design Services 872 104
Advertising Services 1,821 95
Engineering Design and Engineering Consulting Services 7,306 188
Architectural Services 4,113 242
Accounting Services 14,562 279
Management Advice and Other Consulting Services 11,622 441
Legal Services 16,828 700
Internet Service Providers, Web Search Portals and Data Processing Services 2,589 42
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Electronic Information Storage Services 273 8
Data Processing and Web Hosting Services 619 8
Internet Service Providers and Web Search Portals 1,697 26
Tertiary Education 20,033 451
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Higher Education 14,288 221
Technical and Vocational Education and Training 5,745 230
Publishing (except Internet and Music Publishing) 3,209 52
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Newspaper Publishing 1,558 6
Software Publishing 441 19
Book Publishing 921 14
Magazine and Other Periodical Publishing 286 12
Others 3 1
Basic Chemical and Chemical Product Manufacturing 1,728 14
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Fertiliser Manufacturing 122 2
Cosmetic and Toiletry Preparation Manufacturing 15 4
Human Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Product Manufacturing 832 5
Others 759 3
Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing 3,952 73
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Communications Equipment Manufacturing 218 6
Other Electrical Equipment Manufacturing 13 2
Computer and Electronic Office Equipment Manufacturing 2,624 5
Other Electronic Equipment Manufacturing 129 6
Other Professional and Scientific Equipment Manufacturing 538 17
Medical and Surgical Equipment Manufacturing 374 31
Others 56 6
Internet Publishing and Broadcasting 100 11
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Internet Publishing and Broadcasting 100 11
Personal and Other Services 5,798 352
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Business and Professional Association Services 3,385 131
Other Interest Group Services n.e.c. 2,413 221
Motion Picture and Sound Recording Activities 796 45
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Music and Other Sound Recording Activities 174 11
Motion Picture and Video Distribution 26 2
Motion Picture Exhibition 414 9
Motion Picture and Video Production 144 18
Others 38 5
Broadcasting (except Internet) 2,325 16
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Free-to-Air Television Broadcasting 1,989 7
Others 336 9
Public Order, Safety and Regulatory Services 11,031 69
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Correctional and Detention Services 721 6
Fire Protection and Other Emergency Services 629 8
Police Services 7,337 17
Investigation and Security Services 501 28
Others 1,843 10
Adult, Community and Other Education 3,682 175
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Arts Education 191 19
Sports and Physical Recreation Instruction 179 28
Adult, Community and Other Education n.e.c. 1,854 70
Educational Support Services 1,458 58
Defence 3,885 4
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Defence 3,885 4
Public Administration 27,064 201
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Foreign Government Representation 219 29
Justice 4,058 21
Central Government Administration 8,046 54
State Government Administration 12,929 76
Others 1,812 21
Creative and Performing Arts Activities 3,749 135
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Performing Arts Venue Operation 2,325 30
Performing Arts Operation 927 28
Creative Artists, Musicians, Writers and Performers 497 77
Medical and Other Health Care Services 9,305 950
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Alternative Health Services 91 27
Physiotherapy Services 338 38
Optometry and Optical Dispensing 243 37
Pathology and Diagnostic Imaging Services 621 47
General Practice Medical Services 475 54
Other Health Care Services n.e.c. 1,669 39
Dental Services 1,581 115
Other Allied Health Services 1,238 163
Specialist Medical Services 2,916 405
Others 133 25
Hospitals 27,489 26
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Others 27,489 26
Transport Equipment Manufacturing 2,106 12
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Other Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing 29 2
Aircraft Manufacturing and Repair Services 1,126 1
Others 951 9
Preschool and School Education 2,117 32
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Combined Primary and Secondary Education 325 7
Primary Education 342 7
Secondary Education 1,356 13
Others 94 5
Telecommunications Services 16,003 81
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Other Telecommunications Services 1,275 24
Other Telecommunications Network Operation 2,297 22
Wired Telecommunications Network Operation 12,431 35
Insurance and Superannuation Funds 15,096 106
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Life Insurance 1,094 4
Health Insurance 2,240 10
Superannuation Funds 5,604 37
General Insurance 6,158 55
Air and Space Transport 154 14
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Air and Space Transport 154 14
Library and Other Information Services 915 18
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Others 915 18
Heritage Activities 2,216 225
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Zoological and Botanical Gardens Operation 742 5
Museum Operation 1,471 46
Nature Reserves and Conservation Parks Operation 3 174
Total 306,124 6,932


Contribution to the local economy

The Knowledge Sector sector accounts for 63.89% of the City of Melbourne's total employment.

The Knowledge Sector sector accounts for 60.79% of the City of Melbourne's Gross Local Product (GLP).

Workforce Profile

The graph below details the composition of those employed in the Knowledge Sector sector in the City of Melbourne. The graph describes the proportion of employees that can be considered as part-time, full-time, casual and contractors.


Floor Space

The graph below details the total floor space occupied by the Knowledge Sector sector in the City of Melbourne between 2002 and 2018 (in square metres). The figures provide an alternative measure of growth or decline in the sector. The figures are also relevant for understanding how this industry is impacting on then local commerical property market.