Knowledge Sector

Melbourne is home to infrastructure and key organisations which are thought to characterise a knowledge city. We have recognised strengths in fields such as biotechnology, education, finance, advanced manufacturing, and creative industries. Melbournes knowledge sector comprises knowledge repositories such as libraries; research hardware and software including communications facilities; and capabilities and analytical tools. These support public and private organisations and networks (including events) involved in knowledge production, dissemination and application, including the business, education, government and not-for-profit sectors. In 2016, 6810 establishments (businesses and organisations) in the Knowledge Sector sector provided 298,258 jobs. The sector has total output worth $100 Billion and contributes $59.4 Billion in Gross Local Product to the City of Melbourne economy.

Number of Jobs ( 2002 - 2016)

The graph below shows the change in the number of jobs in the Knowledge Sector sector between 2002 and 2016.


Industry Sub-Sectors

The table below provides detail of the sub-sectors within the Knowledge Sector sector in the City of Melbourne.

Description Jobs Establishments
Computer System Design and Related Services 13,866 562
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Computer System Design and Related Services 13,866 562
Finance 33,622 209
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Non-Depository Financing 875 14
Credit Union Operation 121 12
Financial Asset Investing 2,218 77
Banking 29,450 93
Others 958 13
Transport Support Services 5,745 123
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Stevedoring Services 431 4
Airport Operations and Other Air Transport Support Services 331 3
Customs Agency Services 557 9
Other Water Transport Support Services 357 22
Port and Water Transport Terminal Operations 1,131 22
Freight Forwarding Services 687 25
Other Transport Support Services n.e.c. 2,251 38
Polymer Product and Rubber Product Manufacturing 11 4
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Others 11 4
Auxiliary Finance and Insurance Services 15,465 608
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Auxiliary Insurance Services 1,720 38
Financial Asset Brokerage Services 2,165 61
Auxiliary Finance and Investment Services 11,580 509
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (Except Computer System Design and Related Services) 64,824 2209
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Corporate Head Office Management Services 475 8
Veterinary Services 417 9
Surveying and Mapping Services 321 17
Scientific Testing and Analysis Services 956 18
Market Research and Statistical Services 1,356 15
Professional Photographic Services 103 36
Other Professional, Scientific and Technical Services n.e.c. 1,604 23
Scientific Research Services 6,383 63
Other Specialised Design Services 929 117
Advertising Services 1,714 96
Engineering Design and Engineering Consulting Services 6,396 166
Architectural Services 3,732 235
Accounting Services 12,212 292
Management Advice and Other Consulting Services 11,364 438
Legal Services 16,862 676
Internet Service Providers, Web Search Portals and Data Processing Services 1,874 42
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Electronic Information Storage Services 289 9
Data Processing and Web Hosting Services 319 8
Internet Service Providers and Web Search Portals 1,266 25
Tertiary Education 19,029 427
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Higher Education 13,623 211
Technical and Vocational Education and Training 5,406 216
Publishing (except Internet and Music Publishing) 3,206 53
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Newspaper Publishing 1,857 7
Software Publishing 179 9
Book Publishing 678 14
Magazine and Other Periodical Publishing 464 19
Others 28 4
Basic Chemical and Chemical Product Manufacturing 2,933 14
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Fertiliser Manufacturing 147 2
Cosmetic and Toiletry Preparation Manufacturing 6 1
Human Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Product Manufacturing 2,067 6
Others 713 5
Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing 3,516 70
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Communications Equipment Manufacturing 46 2
Other Electrical Equipment Manufacturing 9 1
Computer and Electronic Office Equipment Manufacturing 2,517 5
Other Electronic Equipment Manufacturing 150 10
Other Professional and Scientific Equipment Manufacturing 313 11
Medical and Surgical Equipment Manufacturing 402 31
Others 79 10
Internet Publishing and Broadcasting 148 9
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Internet Publishing and Broadcasting 148 9
Personal and Other Services 5,912 378
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Business and Professional Association Services 3,622 140
Other Interest Group Services n.e.c. 2,290 238
Motion Picture and Sound Recording Activities 876 44
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Music and Other Sound Recording Activities 160 10
Motion Picture and Video Distribution 14 4
Motion Picture Exhibition 489 10
Motion Picture and Video Production 123 13
Others 90 7
Broadcasting (except Internet) 2,354 14
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Free-to-Air Television Broadcasting 2,142 7
Others 212 7
Public Order, Safety and Regulatory Services 9,607 66
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Correctional and Detention Services 587 5
Fire Protection and Other Emergency Services 578 8
Police Services 6,696 16
Investigation and Security Services 879 27
Others 867 10
Adult, Community and Other Education 3,155 175
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Arts Education 186 17
Sports and Physical Recreation Instruction 164 27
Adult, Community and Other Education n.e.c. 1,404 74
Educational Support Services 1,401 57
Defence 3,344 4
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Defence 3,344 4
Public Administration 27,364 193
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Foreign Government Representation 167 21
Justice 3,727 21
Central Government Administration 9,480 56
State Government Administration 12,748 80
Others 1,242 15
Creative and Performing Arts Activities 3,669 147
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Performing Arts Venue Operation 2,415 27
Performing Arts Operation 939 30
Creative Artists, Musicians, Writers and Performers 315 90
Medical and Other Health Care Services 9,016 930
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Alternative Health Services 89 22
Physiotherapy Services 344 40
Optometry and Optical Dispensing 222 38
Pathology and Diagnostic Imaging Services 641 45
General Practice Medical Services 550 53
Other Health Care Services n.e.c. 1,591 44
Dental Services 1,598 116
Other Allied Health Services 1,116 163
Specialist Medical Services 2,756 386
Others 109 23
Hospitals 27,020 27
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Others 27,020 27
Transport Equipment Manufacturing 3,291 17
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Other Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing 176 3
Aircraft Manufacturing and Repair Services 1,438 3
Others 1,677 11
Preschool and School Education 1,952 33
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Combined Primary and Secondary Education 260 6
Primary Education 265 9
Secondary Education 1,364 14
Others 63 4
Telecommunications Services 19,345 96
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Other Telecommunications Services 1,304 30
Other Telecommunications Network Operation 4,206 33
Wired Telecommunications Network Operation 13,835 33
Insurance and Superannuation Funds 13,816 104
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Life Insurance 827 4
Health Insurance 1,960 10
Superannuation Funds 5,536 37
General Insurance 5,493 53
Air and Space Transport 190 17
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Air and Space Transport 190 17
Library and Other Information Services 763 16
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Others 763 16
Heritage Activities 2,345 219
Sub-sectors Jobs Establishments
Zoological and Botanical Gardens Operation 750 5
Museum Operation 1,584 44
Nature Reserves and Conservation Parks Operation 11 170
Total 298,258 6,810


Contribution to the local economy

The Knowledge Sector sector accounts for 65.44% of the City of Melbourne's total employment.

The Knowledge Sector sector accounts for 64.49% of the City of Melbourne's Gross Local Product (GLP).

Workforce Profile

The graph below details the composition of those employed in the Knowledge Sector sector in the City of Melbourne. The graph describes the proportion of employees that can be considered as part-time, full-time, casual and contractors. The graph also details the proportion of female and male employees in the Knowledge Sector sector.


Floor Space

The graph below details the total floor space occupied by the Knowledge Sector sector in the City of Melbourne between 2002 and 2016 (in square metres). The figures provide an alternative measure of growth or decline in the sector. The figures are also relevant for understanding how this industry is impacting on then local commerical property market.